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After the War

1992 and onwards

In 1992 the secret house of Abimael Guzman and the central committee of Sendero Luminoso was discovered in Lima by the security services. Guzman was presented to the world press in an iron cage and Sendero began to disintegrate.

In an iron cage

In 1992 the secret house of Abimael Guzman and the central committee of Sendero Luminoso was discovered in Lima by the security services. Guzman was presented to the world press in an iron cage and Sendero began to disintegrate.

Abimael Guzman

1992

© Oscar Medrano
The same year as Guzman was jailed president Fujimori had assumed dictatorial powers. It would take eight years and the revelation of secret death patrols and a tremendous corruption scandal involving Vladimiro Montesinos, the advisor of the president to bring democracy back to Peru.
Montesinos handing over money
The scandal was revealed with the publication of the video recordings Montesinos himself had made when he handed over thousands of dollars to the people who’s loyalty he had bought.
Abimael Guzman

The elected goverment after Fujimori created a truth and reconciliation commission giving it’s final report on the devastating war in 2003. About 70.000 persons had died.

Most of the victims had been civilians of humble Andean origin. Sendero was said to be responsible for more than half of the deaths, with the state and their various armed forces responsible for most of the rest. http://www.cverdad.org.pe

Abimael Guzman, ex dictator Fujimori and his adviser Montesinos are all in prison. But Peru is not at peace with itself. Nor does it help much that Peru has experienced high economical growth rates all through the first decade of this century due to high world market prices on the minerals that form the base of the export oriented economy.

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission came to the conclusion that the main reason for the war was the deep social injustices of Peru. Their recommendations for the future addressed these issues. Very little in this field has been accomplished in the ten years that have passed since the report was published.

Graves being excavated © Vera Lentz
Important steps towards justice and integration of the poor and indigenous sectors of the population has been taken by left wing governments in neighbouring Bolivia and Ecuador. But in Peru the conservative forces have successfully painted all radical initiatives as associated with the terror of Sendero. Alan Garcia, who was responsible for the massacre on the prisoners in 1986 ( where Claudio died) succeeded in coming back for a second term between 2006 and 2011. Being president he could not be prosecuted for his crimes.

The Presidents

Alan Garcia, who was responsible for the massacre on the prisoners in 1986 (where Claudio died) succeeded in returning for a second term between 2006 and 2011. Being president he could not be prosecuted for his crimes.

Ollanta Humala became the successor of Alan Garcia, promising reforms. He narrowly defeated Keijko Fujimori, daughter of the jailed former dictator. But lacking a serious reformist policy and organized popular support Ollanta Humala soon succumbed to the pressure from the establishment.

Peru continues to live in the shadow of it’s violent past. The strong reactions to Storm in the Andes following it’s world premiere in Peru in August 2014 was a sign of this. But it also showed how much the Peruvian people yearn to get to terms with the past and change the future of their country.